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Palschau, Johann Gottfried Wilhelm locked

  • Geoffrey Norris
  •  and Klaus-Peter Koch

(b ?Copenhagen, Dec 21, 1741; d St Petersburg, 3 June/July 5, 1815). German pianist and composer . The son of a musician from Holstein who played in the Royal Opera orchestra in Copenhagen, he travelled abroad on concert tours from an early age, performing in London (1754) and Hamburg (1761), and about 1771 he studied with J.G. Müthel in Riga. In 1777 he settled in St Petersburg, where he quickly found favour at court and pursued a highly successful career as a concert artist with the violinist L.P. Yershov; he was (from 1778) one of the few professional musicians in the New Music Society. As a composer he concentrated entirely on writing for the keyboard; his works include two sonatas (Nuremberg, 1762), two concertos for harpsichord and strings (Riga, 1771) and several sets of variations on Russian folktunes.

Bibliography

  • R. Kaiser: ‘Palschaus Bach-Spiel in London: zur Bach-Pflege in England um 1750’, BJb 1993, 255–9
  • E. Stöckl: Musikgeschichte der Russlanddeutschen (Dülmen, 1993), 47
R. Eitner: Biographisch-bibliographisches Quellen-Lexikon
Bach-Jahrbuch
E.L. Gerber: Neues historisch-biographisches Lexikon der Tonkünstler
R.-A. Mooser: Annales de la musique et des musiciens en Russie au XVIIIme siècle
E.L. Gerber: Historisch-biographisches Lexikon der Tonkünstler