Show Summary Details

Page of
PRINTED FROM Oxford Music Online. © Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single article in Oxford Music Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

Panharmoniconlocked

  • Barbara Owen
  •  and Arthur W.J.G. Ord-Hume

Extract

A Mechanical instrument of the Orchestrion type. It was invented by Johann Nepomuk Maelzel and first exhibited by him in Vienna in 1804. The instrument was designed to play orchestral music, and various accounts describe it as capable of imitating the sounds of the french horn, clarinet, trumpet, oboe, bassoon, German flute, flageolet, drum, cymbal and triangle. The sounds were actually produced by various flue, reed and free-reed organ pipes, as well as air-driven percussion devices. The Panharmonicon achieved popularity in a period when such mechanical curiosities had great public appeal and were frequently taken on tour; Maelzel’s instrument had many imitators, including a virtually identical instrument (made by a fellow Viennese, Joseph J. Gurk) exhibited in Germany and England in ...

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Please subscribe to access the full content.