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Pianoforte [piano]locked

  • Edwin M. Ripin,
  • Stewart Pollens,
  • Philip R. Belt,
  • Maribel Meisel,
  • Alfons Huber,
  • Michael Cole,
  • Gert Hecher,
  • Beryl Kenyon de Pascual,
  • Cynthia Adams Hoover,
  • Cyril Ehrlich,
  • Edwin M. Good,
  • Robert Winter
  •  and J. Bradford Robinson


A keyboard instrument distinguished by the fact that its strings are struck by rebounding hammers rather than plucked (as in the harpsichord) or struck by tangents that remain in contact with the strings (as in the clavichord).

The present article treats the history and technique of the instrument; for discussion of the repertory ...

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Mozart-Jahrbuch [Salzburg, 1950-]
A. Lavignac and L. de La Laurencie, eds.: Encyclopédie de la musique et dictionnaire du Conservatoire
Revista de musicología
Music & Letters
Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Journal of Musicology
Galpin Society Journal
New York, Pierpont Morgan Library
Musical Quarterly
M.N. Clinkscale: Makers of the Piano
Early Music
19th Century Music
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)
C. Burney: A General History of Music from the Earliest Ages to the Present Period (London, 1776-89); ed. F. Mercer (London, 1935/R) [p. nos. refer to this edn]
C. Burney: The Present State of Music in France and Italy (London, 1771, 2/1773)
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society
C. Burney: The Present State of Music in Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Provinces (London, 1773, 2/1775)
Hinrichsen's Musical Year Book