Reichardt, Johann Friedrich
- E. Eugene Helm
- and Günter Hartung
(b Königsberg [now Kaliningrad], 25 Nov 1752; d Giebichenstein, nr Halle, 27 June 1814). German composer, political writer and writer on music.
His father Johann (c1720–80) belonged to the last generation of outstanding lutenists. Under his tutelage, Johann Friedrich rapidly became a violin prodigy and, at the same time, a good lutenist and singer to his own lute accompaniment; from about the age of ten he began to develop some reputation in nearby cities as a travelling violinist and keyboard player. His early teachers also included J.F. Hartknoch (a young musician from Riga then learning the publishing trade in Königsberg), a local musician named Krüger, the organist C.G. Richter, who introduced Reichardt to the music of C.P.E. and J.S. Bach, and the violinist F.A. Veichtner, a pupil of Franz Benda. But all these teachers somehow failed to give Reichardt a systematic grounding in composition, and he remained handicapped in some aspects of composition technique all his life....