Sammartini [S. Martino, S. Martini, St. Martini, St. Martino, San Martini, San Martino, Martini, Martino], Giovanni Battista
- Bathia Churgin
(b 1700/01; d Milan, 15 Jan 1775). Italian composer, brother of giuseppe Sammartini. He was a leading figure in the development of the Classical style.
Sammartini was the seventh of eight children of Alexis Saint-Martin, a French oboist who immigrated to Italy, and Girolama de Federici. He was probably born in Milan, the city in which he lived all his life. Since in his death certificate he is said to have been 74, he was presumably born in 1700 or the first two weeks of 1701. His earliest musical instruction probably came from his father. In 1717 Giuseppe and G.B. Sammartini were listed as oboists at S Celso, Milan, and in 1720 the ‘Sammartini brothers’ were listed as oboists in the orchestra of the Regio Ducal Teatro there. Sammartini’s first known composition is an aria (lost) for the oratorio ...