Saxophone (Fr. saxophone; Ger. Saxophon; It. sassofone)
- Claus Raumberger
- and Karl Ventzke
A single-reed wind instrument invented by the Belgian-born maker Adolphe Sax (see Sax family family) in about 1840, and granted a 15-year patent in 1846. Sax originally intended the instrument for use in orchestras and military bands. The saxophone combines a single-reed mouthpiece with a wide-bore conical tube of metal. Acoustically, it behaves as do other cone-bodied reed instruments, ‘overblowing’ at the octave to yield a second register (...