- Richard Toop
(b Burg Mödrath, nr Cologne, 22 Aug 1928; d Kürten, 5 Dec 2007). German composer. The leading German composer of his generation, he was a seminal figure of the post-1945 avant garde. A tireless innovator and influential teacher, he largely redefined notions of serial composition, and was a pioneer in electronic music. His seven-part operatic cycle ...