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  • Clifford Bevan


A wide-bore valved brass instrument. It is used as a bass or contrabass member of the band or orchestral brass section (in the Hornbostel and Sachs system it is classified as an Aerophone: trumpet). The term is applied to instruments of various sizes and shapes with a wide, conical bore, three to six (rarely seven) valves, and an open (no valves operated) tube length of at least 8′, giving a pedal (fundamental) note of ...

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A. Lavignac and L. de La Laurencie, eds.: Encyclopédie de la musique et dictionnaire du Conservatoire
Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society