‘Ūd (oud; pl.: ‘īdān)
- Christian Poché
Short-necked plucked lute of the Arab world, the direct ancestor of the European lute, whose name derives from al-‘ūd (‘the lute’). Known both from documentation and through oral tradition, it is considered the king, sultan or emir of musical instruments, ‘the most perfect of those invented by the philosophers’ (Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’: ...