Fantasia (It., Sp., Ger., Eng.; Eng., Fr., Ger. Fantasie; Fr., Ger. Phantasie; Fr. fantaisie, fantasye, phantaisie; Eng., Ger. Phantasia; Ger. Fantasey; Eng. Fancie, fancy, fansye, fantasy, fantazia, fantazie, fantazy, phansie, phantasy, phantazia)
- Christopher D.S. Field,
- E. Eugene Helm
- and William Drabkin
A term adopted in the Renaissance for an instrumental composition whose form and invention spring ‘solely from the fantasy and skill of the author who created it’ (Luis de Milán, 1535–6). From the 16th century to the 19th the fantasia tended to retain this subjective licence, and its formal and stylistic characteristics may consequently vary widely from free, improvisatory types to strictly contrapuntal and more or less standard sectional forms....