France (Fr. Republique Francaise)
- François Lesure,
- Claudie Marcel-Dubois
- and Denis Laborde
Country in Europe.
At the end of the 9th century, after the decline of Gallican chant, France was divided both linguistically and on the question of musical notation: the area in which the langue d’Oc was spoken used Aquitanian notation, while further north the notations of Brittany and Lorraine were employed (...