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Satie, Erik [Eric] (Alfred Leslie)locked

  • Robert Orledge


(b Honfleur, May 17, 1866; d Paris, July 1, 1925). French composer. He was an iconoclast, a man of ideas who looked constantly towards the future. Debussy christened him ‘the precursor’ because of his early harmonic innovations, though he surpassed his friend's conception of him by anticipating most of the ‘advances’ of 20th-century music – from organized total chromaticism to minimalism. To some extent he made a virtue of his technical limitations, but his painstaking quest for perfection in simplicity, coupled with his ironic wit and his shrewd awareness of developments in other fields of contemporary art, made him the personification of the wartime ...

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Bulletin français de la S.I.M. [also Mercure musical and other titles]
Paris, Bibliothèque-Musée de l'Opéra
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Music & Letters
Journal of the Royal Musical Association
Paris, Editions Salabert
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Musical Times
Cambridge (MA), Harvard University, Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library
Music Review
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Musical Quarterly
Revue de musicologie
New York, Pierpont Morgan Library
Austin, University of Texas at Austin, Fine Arts Library
Revue musicale
Evanston (IL), Northwestern University