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Satie, Erik [Eric] (Alfred Leslie)locked

  • Robert Orledge

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(b Honfleur, May 17, 1866; d Paris, July 1, 1925). French composer. He was an iconoclast, a man of ideas who looked constantly towards the future. Debussy christened him ‘the precursor’ because of his early harmonic innovations, though he surpassed his friend's conception of him by anticipating most of the ‘advances’ of 20th-century music – from organized total chromaticism to minimalism. To some extent he made a virtue of his technical limitations, but his painstaking quest for perfection in simplicity, coupled with his ironic wit and his shrewd awareness of developments in other fields of contemporary art, made him the personification of the wartime ...

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Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Musical Quarterly
Cambridge (MA), Harvard University, Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library
Paris, Editions Salabert
Paris, Bibliothèque-Musée de l'Opéra
Music Review
Music & Letters
Austin, University of Texas at Austin, Fine Arts Library
Journal of the Royal Musical Association
Evanston (IL), Northwestern University
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Revue musicale
Revue de musicologie
Musical Times
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Bulletin français de la S.I.M. [also Mercure musical and other titles]
New York, Pierpont Morgan Library