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Haydn, (Franz) Josephlocked

  • Georg Feder
  •  and James Webster

Extract

(b Rohrau, Lower Austria, March 31, 1732; d Vienna, May 31, 1809). Austrian composer, brother of Michael Haydn. Neither he nor his contemporaries used the name Franz, and there is no reason to do so today. He began his career in the traditional patronage system of the late Austrian Baroque, and ended as a ‘free’ artist within the burgeoning Romanticism of the early 19th century. Famous as early as the mid-1760s, by the 1780s he had become the most celebrated composer of his time, and from the 1790s until his death was a culture-hero throughout Europe. Since the early 19th century he has been venerated as the first of the three ‘Viennese Classics’ (Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven). He excelled in every musical genre; during the first half of his career his vocal works were as famous as his instrumental ones, although after his death the reception of his music focussed on the latter (except for ...

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Early Music
Beethoven-Jahrbuch
Eisenstadt, Burgenländisches Landesmuseum
Prague, Národní Muzeum
Journal of the American Musicological Society
The New Oxford History of Music (Oxford, 1954-90)
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Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Musikabteilung
Kraków, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Biblioteka Jagiellońska
Beiträge zur Musikwissenschaft
Leipzig, Leipziger Städtische Bibliotheken, Musikbibliothek
Die Musikforschung
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)
Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
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Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Vienna, Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde
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Gesellschaft für Musikforschung: Kongress-Bericht [1950-]
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Current Musicology
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Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae
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Brno, Moravské Zemské Muzeum, Oddělení Dějin Hudby
Zenetudományi tanulmányok
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19th Century Music
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