Show Summary Details

Page of
PRINTED FROM Oxford Music Online. © Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single article in Oxford Music Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

Haydn, (Franz) Josephlocked

  • Georg Feder
  •  and James Webster


(b Rohrau, Lower Austria, March 31, 1732; d Vienna, May 31, 1809). Austrian composer, brother of Michael Haydn. Neither he nor his contemporaries used the name Franz, and there is no reason to do so today. He began his career in the traditional patronage system of the late Austrian Baroque, and ended as a ‘free’ artist within the burgeoning Romanticism of the early 19th century. Famous as early as the mid-1760s, by the 1780s he had become the most celebrated composer of his time, and from the 1790s until his death was a culture-hero throughout Europe. Since the early 19th century he has been venerated as the first of the three ‘Viennese Classics’ (Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven). He excelled in every musical genre; during the first half of his career his vocal works were as famous as his instrumental ones, although after his death the reception of his music focussed on the latter (except for ...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.

Analecta musicologica
Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
Eisenstadt, Burgenländisches Landesmuseum
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Acta musicologica
Prague, Národní Muzeum
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Tübingen, Schwäbisches Landesmusikarchiv [in D-Tmi]
Fontes artis musicae
Music Review
Journal of Musicological Research
Musical Antiquary
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Heiligenkreuz, Zisterzienserkloster
Current Musicology
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Musikabteilung
Vienna, Stadt- und Landesbibliothek, Musiksammlung
Revue de musicologie
Musical Quarterly
Harburg (nr Donauwörth), Fürstlich Oettingen-Wallerstein'sche Bibliothek Schloss Harburg [in D-Au]
Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár
Leipzig, Leipziger Städtische Bibliotheken, Musikbibliothek
Gy˝r, Káptalan Magánlevéltár Kottatára
Brno, Moravské Zemské Muzeum, Oddělení Dějin Hudby
Gesellschaft für Musikforschung: Kongress-Bericht [1950-]
Kirchenmusikalisches Jahrbuch
Zenetudományi tanulmányok
Kraków, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Biblioteka Jagiellońska
Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae
Tokyo, Nanki Ongaku Bunko
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)
Revue belge de musicologie
Early Music
Journal of Music Theory
Zeitschrift für Musik
Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Anuario musical
Music & Letters
Die Musikforschung
The New Oxford History of Music (Oxford, 1954-90)
Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Musiksammlung
Mozart-Jahrbuch [Salzburg, 1950-]
19th Century Music
Vienna, Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde
Journal of Musicology
Neues Beethoven-Jahrbuch
Seitenstetten, Benediktinerstift, Musikarchiv
Stams, Zisterzienserstift, Musikarchiv
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Musical Times
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Jahrbuch der Musikbibliothek Peters
International Musical Society: Congress Report [II-IV, 1906-11]
Journal of the Royal Musical Association
W.S. Newman: The Sonata in the Classic Era (Chapel Hill, NC, 1963, 3/1983)
Beiträge zur Musikwissenschaft
E.L. Gerber: Neues historisch-biographisches Lexikon der Tonkünstler
Salzburg, Internationale Stiftung Mozarteum, Bibliotheca Mozartiana