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Cross-Grainger free music machinelocked

  • Hugh Davies


A series of composition machines developed between 1945 and 1961 at White Plains, New York, by an American physics teacher, Burnett Cross (b New York, 7 Aug 1914; d 1996), and percy Grainger , with the assistance of Grainger's wife Ella (1889–1979). The purpose of the machines, each exploring different technology, was to enable Grainger to realize his ideas of ‘free music’ based on ‘gliding’ tones....

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