- Münir Nurettin Beken
(b Vienna, Sept 5, 1921; d Istanbul, Dec 20, 1993). Turkish composer. The daughter of a Turkish diplomat, she studied in Istanbul with Cemal Reşit Rey and in Berlin with Paul Höffer (composition) and Rudolf Schmidt (piano). Her compositions consist mainly of lieder, childrens' songs, piano pieces, incidental music and marches; the texts of her vocal works come primarily from Turkish literature. Although often depicting scenes from Turkey, Güran's compositions differ from those of her contemporaries by not necessarily utilising Turkish themes. Her instrumental works often feature a particular colouristic texture. Güran's works are performed mainly by the Istanbul State SO and other groups in the city. She belonged to the first generation of women composers of Western art music in republican Turkey....