Konstas of Chios, Apostolos [Konstalas, Apostoles; Krystallas, Apostoles (Apostolis)]
- Alexander Lingas
(b ?1767; d Constantinople, 1840). Romaic (Greek) theorist, scribe, and composer. He learnt Byzantine chant from Petros Byzantios and Georgios of Crete at the Ecumenical Patriarchate in Constantinople, where his father Joannes (Ioannis) was a priest and official. Like many other church musicians of his generation, he also became an accomplished instrumentalist in the Ottoman classical tradition. As a scribe, Konstas is known to have copied at least 106 codices, the majority of which are musical manuscripts. In addition to reproducing the works of others verbatim, he produced realizations (...