Clarinet (Fr. clarinette; Ger. Klarinette; It. clarinetto)
- Janet K. Page,
- K.A. Gourlay,
- Roger Blench
- and Nicholas Shackleton
Generic term for a wind instrument sounded by a single beating reed; in the system of Hornbostel and Sachs such an instrument is classified as an Aerophone: reedpipe, with a reed consisting of a single percussion lamella. The clarinet of Western art music (from which the generic term is taken) is of essentially cylindrical bore and is made in a variety of sizes and tonalities; the soprano instrument pitched in B♭, with the ‘Boehm system’ of keywork and fingering, is the most widely used today (see §II below)....