- J. Peter Burkholder
A term borrowed from the visual arts, where it refers to the act of pasting diverse objects, fragments or clippings on to a background, or to the work of art that results. Musical collage is the juxtaposition of multiple quotations, styles or textures so that each element maintains its individuality and the elements are perceived as excerpted from many sources and arranged together, rather than sharing common origins. Other words used for this effect include ‘montage’, ‘assemblage’ and ‘bricolage’. The term ‘collage’ has been applied to music with a variety of meanings, mostly to describe 20th-century works that borrow musical material from multiple sources....