- Sonia Tamar Seeman
Macedonian musical tradition. Forged from local elements on the foundation of the Ottoman Turkish urban ensemble, ince çalgı. Versions of this ensemble are found throughout former Ottoman territories under various names, however each region has maintained distinct musical traditions, with variations in instrumentation, repertory, and stylistic features marking distinctions between neighbouring urban areas. Despite a lack of pre-19th century documentation, evidence suggests that čalgija ensembles were popular in Macedonian towns by the 19th century, likely due to the growing economic power of an emergent bourgeoisie, who increasingly aligned their cultural practices with the Ottoman elite....