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Kotzschmar, (Johann Carl) Hermannlocked

  • William Osborne


(b Finsterwalde, Germany, July 4, 1829; d Portland, ME, April 12, 1909). American composer, conductor, and teacher of German birth. From age three Kotzschmar was taught how to play the piano, organ, violin, flute, and horn by his father, the Stadtmusiker, or City Musician, of Finsterwalde. At age 14 he was sent to Dresden to study with Julius Otto, cantor of the Kreuzkirche. Five years later he and others formed the 20-man Saxonia Band. The ensemble sought its fortunes in this country and worked with William Henry Fry’s Italian Opera troupe for several months in New York, Philadelphia, and Boston, where the enterprise failed and the Saxonians disbanded. Kotzschmar moved to Portland, Maine, to assume a temporary job as a theater musician....

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