Show Summary Details

Page of
PRINTED FROM Oxford Music Online. © Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single article in Oxford Music Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).


  • Dale E. Chapman


A sampled rhythmic fragment isolated from an extant sound recording and repurposed as a rhythmic hook in a new track.

The development of breakbeat techniques in early hip-hop culture during the late 1970s has been attributed to DJs such as Kool Herc and Grandmaster Flash, who used a setup of two turntables and an audio mixer to produce seamless rhythmic grooves for dancers at parties in New York’s South Bronx (...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.