Civil War, the
- John E. Druesedow
The heavy bombardment on 12–13 April 1861 of the Union-held Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor signaled the beginning of a truly momentous conflict, further widening a profound cultural and economic rift between the North and the South. Within days after the assault, a song by George Frederick Root, “The First Gun is Fired! ‘May God Protect the Right,’” had been composed, distributed in broadside format, and published as sheet music by Root & Cady in Chicago. Dedicated “To All who Love Union and Freedom,” it was the first of several thousand pieces published in the North during the war and a portent for the coming four years. This article addresses music of the Civil War in the North; for music in the South, ...