Clarinet [clarionet, clarinette]
- Albert R. Rice
A woodwind instrument of essentially cylindrical bore, played with a single reed, and made in a variety of sizes and tonalities. It is the main melody instrument in bands, an important orchestral woodwind, and is widely played in popular, jazz, and klezmer music. The clarinet pitched in B♭ with Boehm-system keywork is the most widely used today. Two other key systems—one developed by Oskar Oehler, and the Reform-Boehm (a combination of Boehm-system keywork with the Oehler-system bore and finger hole sizes) developed by Fritz Wurlitzer—are used by a few modern players....