- David Cope
- and Andrew Raffo Dewar
(b Philadelphia, PA, Aug 27, 1926; d Cologne, Germany, Dec 5, 2008). American artist, composer, and conceptualist. Trained as a pharmacist, he had no formal schooling in the arts. In the early 1950s, he began to paint and, influenced by Dada and Eastern philosophy, developed (independently of John Cage) a number of indeterminate methods in reaction to the abstract expressionists; these years are chronicled in his book ...