Diegueño [Ipai-Tipai; Iipay Tipay; Tiipay; Kumeyaay; “Mission Indians” of Southern California; Kumeyaay Kumiai (Mexico); Cochim (Mexico)]
- Leanne Hinton
- and Kay Edwards
Native American group, whose territory included most of what are now San Diego and Imperial counties, and Western Baja California, extending somewhat south of Ensenada. Like most Californian Indians, the Diegueño were not recognized as a tribe in a political sense, but were a set of autonomous clans, each identified with a defined territory, and all speaking mutually intelligible dialects of a single language; the separate clans were linked to each other primarily by marriage and by social ties expressed in ceremonies and their accompanying dances and songs. The Kumeyaay-Diegueño are one of four surviving tribal groups indigenous to San Diego County and include 13 federally recognized bands (nations)....