Free jazz (jazz)
- J. Bradford Robinson
A term first applied to the avant-garde jazz of the 1960s, particularly the work of Ornette Coleman, Cecil Taylor, and Albert Ayler, and the late work of John Coltrane. The name derives from the title of Coleman’s album Free Jazz (1960), an extended, free-form improvisation for two pianoless jazz quartets, which exercised an enormous influence on the jazz vanguard both in the USA and elsewhere. The music has also been described simply as “avant-garde” (...