Latin jazz (jazz)
- Barry Kernfeld
A term applied to jazz in which elements of Latin American music, chiefly its dance rhythms, are particularly prominent. In striking contrast to genres of jazz based on swing rhythms, Latin jazz utilizes duple subdivisions of the beat. But unlike the rhythms of ragtime and jazz-rock, where the beat also undergoes duple subdivision, Latin-jazz rhythms are constructed from multiples of a basic durational unit, grouped unequally so that the accents fall irregularly in a one- or two-bar pattern. The habanera (or danza) rhythm is the most common of these groupings, but musicological and pedigogical sources disagree on its exact identity, and it may therefore make more sense to speak of a family of interrelated habanera rhythms; ...