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Term meaning ‘two strings’. In clavichords and pianos, for example, a bichord is a pair of strings sounding the same pitch and activated simultaneously by a single tangent or hammer. Many 18th-century pianos have bichord stringing throughout, but later ones often employ trichords in the treble; some early 19th-century pianos retain bichord stringing, while a few have four struck strings per note. Modern pianos generally have bichords only in a portion of the lower register, with trichords above and single strings in the extreme bass. Lutes, mandolins, and related instruments with bichord courses are often called ‘double strung’....

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