- Jaak Liivoja-Lorius
(fl Siena, c1750–70). Italian violin maker. Originally from Florence, he worked mostly in Siena, and was appointed controller of customs duties for musical instruments in the region of Tuscany. His violins are small and follow the model of G.B. Gabrielli, the workmanship being exceptionally clean. He also made violas. Bimbi, Gabrielli, Carcassi, and Guadagnini all used quite similar spruce, probably from the Val di Fiemme in the Trentino region. Bembi’s varnish is a transparent orange-red, although through fading can also appear a light golden orange-yellow or golden brown. Tonally his violins are quite good but not especially strong. His manuscript label is reminiscent of Gabrielli’s florid script. His relationship to the Florentine still-life painter Bartolomeo Bimbi (...