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  • Scheherazade Qassim Hassan


Duct flute of the Near East. The term was formerly a generic name for all wind instruments but is now used only for duct flutes, sometimes known loosely as nāy, shamshāl, or shabbāba. The māsūl varies in length from 10 to 55 cm, and can be made from baked clay, wood, or reed. The baked clay flute (in Arabic ...

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