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Name given in England to 14-course archcittern with seven pairs of strings (tuned G–d–f–b♭–g–dʹ–eʹ) on the fingerboard and seven single strings (tuned Gʹ–Aʹ–B♭–C–D–E-F) by its side. Thomas Robinson, in his New Citharen Lessons (1609), credits himself with alterations and improvements to the syron, in which the single strings reached the pegbox over a nut placed in the mouth of a grotesque head at the top of the neck. Robinson attributes the actual invention of the instrument to an Italian. An instrument of this type based on the form of the English guitar (guittar), by Remerus Liessem (...

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