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  • Jeremy Montagu


Ancient Phoenician flute cited by the Roman lyric poet Horace (1st century bce). In Persian, aṃbūba can mean a tube or pipe. In the Targum (early Aramaic translations of the Bible), abuba (the Aramaic equivalent) is used for Hebrew ugav and halil, the latter a reed instrument, and the Phoenician instrument might well also have been a reed instrument, since these appear to have been much more common in the ancient Near East than flutes....

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