Bucium [bucen, bucin, trîmbită, trîmbiţă, tulnic]
- Tiberiu Alexandru
- and Boris Kotlyaryov
Alphorn of Romania and Moldavia. It is mentioned in the oldest documents written in Romanian (16th century). In the mountains there are five kinds, differentiated by the shape of the tubing, which can be straight or curved, and conical for the entire length or cylindrical with a conical bell. The bucium is made of staves of fir, ash, lime, or hazelwood from 1.5 to more than 3 metres long. The well-seasoned wood is split lengthways, hollowed out to form the bore, and rejoined by glueing and binding tightly with strips of lime, birch, or cherry bark. In the north of Romania, the bucium is often made from metal, sometimes with the tubing folded back on itself....