- Arvydas Karaška
Large double-headed drum of Lithuania. It has a cylindrical wooden or metal body with a diameter of 35 to 110 cm. The heads are fastened with metal tension-rings and screws, or with wooden rings and lacing. The būgnasis struck with two wooden beaters. The drum was first mentioned in Lithuanian chronicles dating from the 13th century. At first only a military instrument, it was later used for rituals and ceremonial, signalling, and music-making. The būgnasis still used in folk groups. Similar drums of neighbouring peoples are the ...