Kuḻal [kuzhal, kuṛal]
- Alastair Dick
Ancient Tamil name for the transverse flute, found in the literature of south India in the 1st millennium ce. Another name was vankiyam. Descriptions suggest the flute was about 38 cm long and 9 cm in circumference; it was generally made of bamboo, but bronze, sandalwood, and rosewood are also mentioned. The left end was closed and ringed with thin bronze. The embouchure was about 4 cm from the left end and there were seven fingerholes, with an eighth hole (...