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  • Robert At’ayan
  •  and Jonathan McCollum


Double-headed drum of Armenia. The cylindrical body is 30 to 35 cm deep and 35 to 50 cm in diameter. One head of goatskin or plastic is thick and produces a deep sound while the other is thinner, giving a higher pitch. It is played with two wooden sticks (one usually thicker than the other) on both heads, or with the fingers and palms on one head. Different areas of the heads produce different pitches and timbres. It is used with other folk instruments to perform at weddings and funerals as well as in other peasant and urban folk celebrations. It is especially important for accompanying dances. The dhol in medieval times was also known as the ...

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