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  • John M. Schechter
  •  and J. Richard Haefer


Single-headed cylindrical drum used by the Garinagu (black Carib) people of the Punta Gorda region of Central America. It is made from a log of cedar or mahogany, sometimes slightly tapered to the bottom, 50 to 75 cm long with a diameter of 30 to 50 cm. The deerskin head is held on by a hoop and lace assembly; short sticks inserted between adjacent laces are twisted to tighten the head. It is beaten with one or both hands. It accompanies Christmas and secular dances....

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