Parnyaty [parnyouki, dvaichatki, dvoini, pasvistseli, gusli, dvaichastyya gusli]
- Inna D. Nazina
Paired dudka (duct flute) of Belarus. It consists of two wooden tubes of unequal length, the longer about 33 to 39 cm long, the shorter about 26 to 36 cm. Both have three tone holes, two near the top of each tube, one near the bottom, giving a seven-note scale of overlapping tetrachords. The instrument is held at an angle by both hands, with the end of each tube supported by the little finger. The sound is light, clear, and quiet. The parnyaty was used by herdsmen, whose repertory included primarily military and widows’ songs. In villages it accompanied seasonal and family ritual songs, and played dance tunes together with a violin. The flute’s upper melodic line was enriched by ornaments while the lower voice paralleled it in 3rds. The instruments were made locally and sold at fairs. Before and for some time after World War II the parnyaty was found in Mogilev (Belarus) and the Smolensk and Pskov regions of Russia. Afterwards it disappeared from folk music....