Bass (Fr. basse; Ger. Bass; It. basso)
- Owen Jander,
- Lionel Sawkins,
- J.B. Steane
- and Elizabeth Forbes
The lowest male voice, normally written for within the range F to e′, which may be extended at either end.
Italian composers in the late 16th century often wrote highly ornate parts for the bass voice, and this continued into the first three decades of the 17th. In opera, however, where bass roles were few and generally unimportant, ornate writing was relatively rare; the emphasis lay rather on dramatic portrayal. In the surviving operas of Monteverdi the bass already appears in some of what were to be its most important historical role types: as a god (particularly a god of the underworld: Pluto in ...