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Andrew Ashbee

Harding, James [ Harden, Jeames ] ( b c 1550 ; bur. Isleworth , Jan 28, 1626 ). English flautist and composer of French extraction . He was appointed flautist at the English court on 22 May 1575 , holding the post until his death. His son Edward was also a court musician. In the 1590s the family moved from Holy Trinity Minories (where James was at one time churchwarden) to Isleworth. The few compositions by Harding that survive show him to have been a competent composer. Two sturdy fantasias for keyboard (ed. in MB xlv, 1979–88 ; lv, 1989

Article

Daniel M. Fallon, Sabina Teller Ratner and James Harding

writer . Like Mozart, to whom he was often compared, he was a brilliant craftsman, versatile and prolific, who contributed to every genre of French music. He was one of the leaders of the French musical renaissance of the 1870s. 1. Life. Sabina Teller Ratner , assisted by James Harding His father, Jacques-Joseph-Victor Saint-Saëns ( 1798–1835 ), descended from a Norman agricultural family, served as a clerk at the Ministry of the Interior and in 1834 married Clémence Collin ( 1809–88 ); the couple moved in with Clémence's aunt and uncle, the Massons. Within

Article

Peter Holman

Gregory, William (i) ( d London , Sept 6, 1663 ). English wind player . He may have been the father of William Gregory (ii). He first appears in the records of James I's funeral on 5 May 1625 among the ‘Musitions for windy Instruments’. He succeeded James Harding as a member of the court flute consort in February 1626 and served without interruption until the Civil War, though the reorganization of the wind consorts in the 1630s probably required him to play other wind instruments, such as the cornett or the sackbut. He resumed his place at the

Article

Elizabeth Forbes

or beautiful voice, but its phenomenal range compensated for any lack of size and warmth. Bibliography J. Massenet : Mes souvenirs (Paris, 1912) O. Thompson : The American Singer (New York, 1937), 313 J. Harding : Massenet (London, 1970) T. Wilkin : ‘Sanderson, Sibyl’, Notable American Women , ed. E.T. James , J.W. James and P.S. Boyer (Cambridge, MA, 1971)

Article

Rolfe  

Margaret Cranmer

the Consolidated Rates for the parish of All Hallows, Honey Lane. James Longman Rolfe (relationship not certain) joined the firm in 1836 . The firm ceased production in 1888 . In 1797 , with Samuel Davis, Rolfe patented (no.2160) the earliest specification for ‘Turkish music’ in pianos, where a hammer strikes the soundboard to produce the sound of a drum. The hammer action, based on the English single action ( see Pianoforte, §I, 4 and fig. ) and operated by a pedal, is illustrated in Harding (p.135). The patent also specifies that instead of using the soundboard

Article

Cynthia Adams Hoover

while on most instruments it extends over only the top octave. Stewart’s instruments are of fine workmanship and were praised in their day as ‘unrivalled in tone, touch, and action’. Bibliography D. Spillane : History of the American Pianoforte (New York, 1890/ R ), 30ff R.E.M. Harding : The Piano-forte: its History Traced to the Great Exhibition of 1851 (Cambridge, 1933/ R , 2/1978)

Article

Michael Fitzgerald

Don Byas and Buster Harding alongside standards by Victor Herbert and Billy Strayhorn. Carter has consistently supported deserving colleagues who are not well known. In addition to working as a leader, he has participated actively as a guest performer with others. Bibliography L. Birnbaum : “Wynton and Lester Agree… on James Carter,” DB , 61/11 (1994), 34–7 E. Enright : “Deep & Lowdown,” DB , 67/8 (2000), 40–42 N. Chinen : “Big Hat’s Odyssey from D-Town to Lady Day,” JT , 33/10 (2003), 64–70 E. Nemeyer : “Interview: James Carter,” Jazz Improv

Article

Margaret Cranmer

Bibliography Jurors' Reports [XVI: Musical Instruments], International Exhibition, London, 1862 (London, 1862) E. Pauer : A Dictionary of Pianists and Composers for the Pianoforte with an Appendix of Manufacturers of the Instrument (London, 1895) R.E.M. Harding : The Piano-forte: its History traced to the Great Exhibition of 1851 (Cambridge, 1933/ R , 2/1978/ R )

Article

Garden, Edward J(ames) C(larke) ( b Edinburgh , Feb 28, 1930 ). Scottish musicologist . He studied at the RAM from 1950 to 1954 , taking organ lessons from C.H. Trevor. From 1954 to 1957 he was on the music staff of Clifton College, Bristol, while there gaining the FRCO in 1956 (with the Harding and F.J. Read prizes) and the BMus in 1957 . From 1957 to 1966 he was director of music at Loretto School, near Edinburgh; he then became lecturer in music and organist at Glasgow University and in 1970 senior lecturer. In 1975 he became professor

Article

Stodart  

Margaret Cranmer

had an older brother, William ( b London, 6 July 1792 ), but the extent of his involvement in the business is not known. Manufacture ceased in 1861 . Bibliography BoalchM ClinkscaleMP W. Pole : Musical Instruments in the Great Industrial Exhibition of 1851 (London, 1851) R.E.M. Harding : The Piano-Forte: its History Traced to the Great Exhibition of 1851 (Cambridge, 1933/ R , 2/1978/ R ) M. Cole : The Pianoforte in the Classical Era (Oxford, 1998)