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Article

Geoffrey Norris and Nigel Yandell

[Yevgeny Karlovich]

Member of Albrecht family

(b St Petersburg, July 4/16, 1842; d St Petersburg, Jan 28/Feb 9, 1894). German, active in Russia, instrumentalist, teacher, and administrator, son of Karl Albrecht. From 1857 to 1860 he studied at the Leipziger Konservatorium, where his principal teachers were Ferdinand David (violin), Moritz Hauptmann (composition), and Karl Brendel (history of music). He also studied briefly with Ignaz Moscheles, who was professor of piano at the Conservatory. In 1860 he was appointed violinist in the orchestra of the Italian Opera at St Petersburg and from 1862 to 1887 he played second violin in the quartet of the St Petersburg branch of the Russian Musical Society. He was well known as a music teacher, and taught several members of the imperial family; his elementary guides to violin and cello playing were published in 1871 and 1872 respectively. He helped to institute the St Petersburg Society for Quartet Music (...

Article

Barry S. Brook

revised by Richard Viano

[l'aîné]

Member of Alday family

(b Mahón, Menorca, c1761; d ?Lyons, after 1835). French violinist, organist, teacher and music director. He was the older son of Alday père. The Alday name, presumably referring to François, first appeared in the Parisian press in 1771 after a performance at the Concert Spirituel: ‘M. Aldaye fils, âgé d'environ dix ans, a joué sur la mandoline avec autant de rapidité que de précision’ (Mercure de France, April 1771, ii, 182). He does not appear to have been an outstanding soloist; the name ‘Aldée’ is listed last in the second violin section of the Concert Spirituel in 1786, and probably refers to him rather than to his brother Paul. In 1797 he was a music teacher and ‘premier violon du spectacle’ in Lyons. In 1810 he founded the Cercle Harmonique, a concert society comprising the best musicians in that city. As its director, he played an important role in the musical life of Lyons; he encouraged the performance of contemporary music, including the first performance in that city of Beethoven’s ...

Article

Article

Silvio J. dos Santos

(b São Paulo, Brazil, Dec 17, 1944; d Paraty, Brazil, Feb 23, 2022). Brazilian guitarist, arranger, and teacher. Barbosa-Lima performed for over 50 years in important venues around the world. He started playing the guitar at age 7 and two years later began studying with Isaías Sávio, one of the foremost guitar teachers in Brazil. His concert career started with his debut in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro at age 13. After his successful 1967 concert tour in the United States, he received scholarships to participate in Andrés Segovia’s 1968 masterclasses in Santiago de Compostela, Spain. He produced more than 40 recordings, with a repertoire ranging from classical and contemporary music to jazz and Brazilian popular music, and published books on guitar techniques and repertoires in collaboration with John Griggs. He also published and recorded works dedicated to him by composers such as Guido Santórsola, Francisco Mignone, and Alberto Ginastera. His transcriptions and performances of works by Domenico Scarlatti, Claude Debussy, George Gershwin, Antônio Carlos Jobim, Scott Joplin, and Stephen Sondheim are remarkable for their clarity of textures, in which the melody and bass lines are clearly distinguished from countermelodies and harmonies. Formerly a member of the guitar faculty at the Manhattan School of Music, he conducted masterclasses throughout the world. He published several books on guitar techniques and repertoires in collaboration with John Griggs....

Article

Alice Lawson Aber-Count

Member of Baur family

(b Tours, 1789; d London, after 1820). French harpist, pianist, teacher and composer, son of Barthélemy Baur. From 1805 he studied with his parents and then with F.-J. Naderman in Paris. In 1820 he settled in London as a teacher. His compositions, all for harp, include six sonatas opp.1–2, duets with piano and flute, a collection of ...

Article

Jernej Weiss

[Emerich, Emerih]

(b Brno, Czech Republic, Oct 17, 1868; d Ljubljana, Slovenia, March 11, 1940). Czech composer, cellist, and music educator. Immigrated to Slovenia in 1898. After playing the cello at the Secondary School of Music of the Music Society in Brno (1884–85), he began in 1885 to study at the Organ School in Brno, where he attended composition and instrumentation classes under Leoš Janáček. He graduated with honours in 1888 and passed the national examination in Vienna in 1892. From 1889 to 1890 he was a cellist in the opera orchestra of the City Theatre in Brno. From 1890 to 1898 he taught music at the Czech Men’s College of Education in Brno and was a teaching assistant at the Brno Organ School. In 1897 he appeared before the general public in Brno (where he wrote the majority of his compositions) for the first time as a composer; he achieved his first major success as a composer with ...

Article

Sergio Martinotti

revised by Christopher Fifield

Member of Bott family

(b Gross-Steinheim, nr Mainz, Dec 24, 1795; d Kassel, Dec 19, 1869). German oboist, violinist, and composer. He was the younger brother of Johann Joseph Bott, a musician in the Darmstadt Kapelle who wrote many dances and variations, mostly for guitar. Anton trained as a military musician and became a friend of Spohr, through him obtaining a position as oboist in a regimental band at Kassel. He was also an unpaid violinist in the Kassel Kapelle. From ...

Article

Geoff Thomason

(b Taganrog, Russia, 21 March/2 April 1851; d Manchester, England, 22 Jan 1929). Russian violinist and pedagogue. From 1860 to 1867 he studied with Joseph Hellmesberger at the Vienna Conservatoire, playing in Hellmesberger’s concerts, eventually becoming second violin in his quartet. In Vienna he first met Brahms and the conductor Hans Richter. In 1870 he returned to Russia, where he made the acquaintance of Tchaikovsky and in 1875 was appointed a teacher at the Moscow Conservatoire. From 1878 to 1880 he was the Director of the Kiev Symphony Society. During three years of European touring, 1880–83, he gave the first performance of Tchaikovsky’s Violin Concerto in December 1881, with the Vienna Philharmonic under Richter. Its originally dedicatee, Leopold Auer, had deemed the concerto unplayable and Tchaikovsky subsequently rededicated it to Brodsky. After his appointment as Professor of Violin at the Leipzig Conservatoire in 1883 Brodsky founded his first string quartet. In Leipzig he gave the premières of works by Grieg and Busoni, with whom he formed lasting friendships. His leadership of Walter Damrosch’s New York Symphony Orchestra, ...

Article

Michelle Vigneau

(b Gladewater, TX, Dec 3, 1938; d Elyria, OH, Feb 8, 2006). American oboist, baroque oboist, viola da gambist, and educator. He earned a diploma in 1961 from the Curtis Institute where he studied with john de Lancie . Caldwell served as principal oboist of the National SO (NSO) from 1965–66 and 1968–1971, and was principal oboist of the short-lived Chamber Symphony of Philadelphia from 1966–68. He played with the Puerto Rico Symphony and the Casals Festival Orchestra, and was a frequent performer at the Marlboro Music Festival. In 1971, Caldwell joined the faculty of the Oberlin College Conservatory of Music, where he trained many of the profession’s leading oboists, including Alex Klein, former principal oboist of the Chicago SO. Caldwell’s pedagogy was unusual, as he rarely mentioned the oboe. His students learned to play as a result of the musical demands of the phrase.

As a chamber musician, he was a member of the Soni Ventorum Quintet, the Oberlin Baroque Ensemble, and the Oberlin Woodwind Quintet. While playing in the NSO in the late 1960s, he also became interested in the viola da gamba and studied with noted teacher August Wenzinger. He became an accomplished viol player as well as a celebrated baroque oboist, earning a reputation as a leading scholar in historical performance. With his wife, cellist and viola da gambist Catharina Meints, he co-founded the Baroque Performance Institute, the first American summer school for historical performance, in ...

Article

Nicholas Tochka

(b Tirana, Albania, Dec 8, 1945). Albanian conductor and violinist. The son of vocalist Mihal Ciko and nephew of composer Nikolla Zoraqi, he was a leading member of the first generation of musicians to be trained by socialist-era Albania’s new music institutions. A virtuoso violinist, he graduated from the State Conservatory in 1967 and immediately assumed teaching duties and an appointment as concertmaster to the Theatre of Opera and Ballet’s Orchestra. Ciko was named artistic director of the same institution in 1970. Between 1973 and 1974, a number of musicians and artists came under attack for exhibiting so-called politically subversive attitudes. Caught up in this purge, Ciko was reassigned to Patos, a large village, where he remained effectively exiled until his rehabilitation a decade later. First reappointed to the faculty at the Arts Lyceum ‘Jordan Misja’ he then organized a successful string ensemble, Tirana’s Young Virtuosi, which toured and recorded in the country and abroad. Ciko was appointed director of the Radio-Television Orchestra in ...

Article

James Bash

(b New York, NY, June 20, 1967). American violinist and educator. The daughter of pianists claude Frank and lilian Kallir , she began violin lessons at the age of five. She studied with Shirley Givens for 11 years before continuing with Szymon Goldberg and jaime Laredo . She enrolled in the pre-college division at Juilliard and attended the Curtis Institute, where she earned a bachelor’s degree in 1989. Her professional career started in 1985, when she performed with Alexander Schneider and the New York String Orchestra at Carnegie Hall. Her Carnegie debut as a soloist took place in April 1995. Acclaimed for her incisive and thoroughly engaging playing, Frank won the Avery Fisher Prize in 1999.

As a soloist, Frank has performed internationally with most of the leading orchestras around the world. She has also collaborated with many chamber ensembles and made appearances at numerous festivals, including Aldeburgh, Edinburgh, Salzburg, Berlin, Blossom, the Hollywood Bowl, Mostly Mozart, Ravinia, Tanglewood, Marlboro, and Verbier. Although devoted to the standard repertoire, she often plays works by contemporary composers such as Toru Takemitsu and Aaron Jay Kernis. In ...

Article

Sorab Modi

revised by Anya Laurence

(b Vienna, Austria, May 12, 1910; d New York, NY, Nov 10, 1999). Violinist and teacher of Austrian birth. He attended the Vienna Conservatory, where his principal teachers were Simon Pullman and Adolf Back. He made his debut in Vienna in 1929, playing Ludwig van Beethoven’s violin concerto, and the same year formed the first Galimir String Quartet, with members of his family. In the period 1929–30 he studied with carl Flesch in Baden-Baden, Germany. Galimir joined the Vienna PO in 1936, but left to escape anti-Semitism in Germany and worked in the Israel SO for two years. In 1938 he moved to the United States and made his debut at Town Hall in New York. The same year he founded a new Galimir String Quartet, which was active until the 1990s. Noted for its performances of early 20th-century music, the group toured extensively in the United States and was quartet in residence at Mannes College from ...

Article

Anne Dhu McLucas

(b Brussels, Belgium, April 8, 1756; d United States, c1820). American flemish violinist, composer, and pedagogue active in England and the United States. After touring France and Germany he was from about 1780 a violin virtuoso in London, where he published two instrumental instruction books; a theoretical treatise on harmony, counterpoint, and figured bass; various string quartets, trios, and duos; and theatrical pieces for the Royal Circus and the Royal Grove (1787, 1789). He apparently played in the orchestra organized by Johann Peter Salomon for Joseph Haydn’s visit in 1791. The following year Gehot and his companions James Hewitt, B. Bergman, William Young, and Phillips immigrated to the United States, where they advertised themselves as “professors of music from the opera house, Hanoversquare, and Professional concerts under the direction of Haydn, Pleyel, etc. London.” Their first benefit concert in New York (21 September 1792...

Article

Antigona Rădulescu

(b Galați, Romania, March 3, 1926; d Bucharest, Romania, March 17, 2010). Romanian violinist and pedagogue. He studied at the Royal Conservatory of Music and Dramatic Arts in Bucharest where he was noticed by George Enescu, who recommended him (and his brother, Valentin Gheorghiu) for a scholarship at the Conservatoire National de Musique de Paris. While at the Conservatoire he studied with, among others, Maurice Hewitt (violin) and Noel Gallon (harmony and counterpoint). Upon his return to Romania he continued his studies at the Bucharest Conservatory, studying the violin with Vasile Filip and Garabet Avakian and music theory with Mihail Jora. He also studied with David Oistrakh in Moscow.

His international career spanned four decades. He was a concert soloist of the George Enescu Philharmonic and a member of various chamber ensembles. He concertized in Romania, Europe, the USA, Canada, and Asia, playing under conductors such as Franz Konwitschny, Kyrill Kondrashin, Jean Perisson, Constantin Silvestri, and George Georgescu. Together with pianist Valentin Gheorghiu and cellist Radu Aldulescu he formed the Romanian Trio. At the first George Enescu International Festival and Contest in ...

Article

Anne Dhu McLucas

(b ?England, 1770; d Philadelphia, PA, Sept 16, 1826). American violinist, conductor, music teacher, and composer. He was active in Philadelphia, Baltimore, and New York from 1793 to 1826. He is said to have played at the Handel Commemoration in Westminster Abbey in 1784 and was advertised in Philadelphia as “the celebrated violinist from London.” In 1793 he was brought over from England by Thomas Wignell and Alexander Reinagle to lead the orchestra at the Chestnut Street Theater, which they founded and operated. He performed frequently in concerts with Benjamin Carr, Rayner Taylor, and Reinagle, sometimes appearing as “leader of the band,” while Reinagle was listed as “conductor”; his repertory included concertos and duets, which he usually performed with the cellist Menel. In 1814, although still living in Philadelphia, Gillingham appeared at Vauxhall Gardens in New York, and in 1816 he conducted a performance of Messiah with the New York Handel and Haydn Society. By ...

Article

Anya Laurence

(b Trieste, Italy, Sept 1, 1926; d Bloomington, IN, Nov 20, 2001). Violinist and teacher of Italian birth. Gulli began violin studies with his father, who had been a pupil of Ševčík and Marak at the Prague Conservatory, and graduated from the Conservatory of Trieste in 1944, summa cum laude. He later studied with arrigo Serato at the Accademia Musicale Chigiana at Siena, winning the Academy Prize, and also with joseph Szigeti in Switzerland. He performed as a soloist with the finest symphony orchestras and in 1947 he founded the famous Gulli-Cavallo Duo with his wife, concert pianist enrica Cavallo . He was also a founder of the Trio Italiano D’Archi with violist Bruno Giuranna and cellist Giacinto Caramia. His extensive discography includes the complete Mozart Concertos and complete Beethoven Sonatas. With the Trio Italiano he recorded all of the Beethoven String Trios and in 1959 he gave the premiere performance of the newly-discovered Concerto No.5, by Paganini. He taught master classes at the Accademia Chigiana at Siena and at the Lucerne Conservatory, and later presented master classes in Japan. He joined the University of Indiana at Bloomington in ...

Article

Kostas Chardas

(b Kastoria, Greece, March 14, 1966). Greek composer, composition teacher, and guitarist. Up to 1993 he studied music theory and the guitar at the Macedonian Conservatoire, where he also studied composition with Theodore Antoniou (diploma in 1997). Parallel to his academic career in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (from 1999 onwards) he obtained the PhD in Music Composition (2004, University of York, UK) and a degree in Musicology (2011, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki). He is the recipient of several awards from national and international competitions. He is currently a professor of composition at the State Conservatoire of Thessaloniki.

Within a prolific output (90 works so far) Hadjileontiadis’s music expresses, in the most creative way, the avant-garde longing for experimentation and innovation. However, in its core his music also reconciles the post-Xenakian strict precompositional organization of the micro- and macro-musical structures through the implementation of scientific notions (fractal, stochastic and multi-resolution analyses, neural networks, and fuzzy logic in works such as ...

Article

Richard Bernas

revised by Dennis K. McIntire

(Morris)

(b New York, Jan 30, 1944; d Santa Monica, CA, April 27, 2020). American cellist, son of Mack Harrell. He studied with Leonard Rose at the Juilliard School and with Orlando Cole at the Curtis Institute, making his début with the New York PO at Carnegie Hall in 1961. He then attended masterclasses given by Piatigorsky and Casals. At the age of 18 he became a member of the Cleveland Orchestra, and from 1964 to 1971 was principal cellist there, the youngest player and the only member of the orchestra to perform as a soloist under Szell in New York. He then toured extensively in North America and taught at the Cincinnati College-Conservatory until 1976, when he joined the faculty of the Juilliard School. He made his New York recital début in 1971, and his European début in 1974. Thereafter he appeared as a soloist with the world’s leading orchestras, as a recitalist, and as a chamber music player. He was co-winner of the first Avery Fisher Prize in ...

Article

Katherine K. Preston

(b Bear-Place Spring, TN, Sept 19, 1911; d East Lansing, MI, Nov 20, 1957). American composer, teacher, and violinist. After studying in Nashville at George Peabody College (BS 1933) and Ward-Belmont Conservatory (Violin Diploma 1933), in 1934 he became professor at Western Kentucky State College, a position he held until 1938, when he was made director of the orchestra and theory division. He received an MM degree at the University of Michigan (1939), where he studied violin with Vasily Bezekirsky, and the PhD in composition at the Eastman School (1946), where he was a pupil of howard Hanson (composition) and bernard Rogers (orchestration). While at Eastman he was a teaching fellow (1943–6) and a member of the first violin section of the Rochester PO (1944–6); he also served as chairman of the National Composers Congress (1945). He was director of the music department at Western Kentucky State College from ...

Article

M. Rusty Jones

(b Lander, WY, Feb 7, 1955). American guitarist and educator. He received a BFA degree from the University of Minnesota in 1978 under the direction of guitarist jeffrey Van . He studied with Alirio Díaz in France and Canada. His other teachers include British guitarist and composer Gilbert Biberian and Austrian musicologist and violinist Hans Keller. His awards include a First Prize in the 1978 Toronto Guitar International Competition. He was also a recipient of a National Endowment for the Arts Solo Recitalist Fellowship. His publications and recordings are notable for the introduction of new didactic works for the guitar. He was the first person to edit Giulio Regondi’s lost “Ten Études” (1857) for solo guitar upon their rediscovery by Matanya Ophee in a private Russian collection in 1987. His CD Regondi: 10 Etudes/Introduction and Caprice, Op. 23 (Naxos, 2001) is one of few complete recordings of these études. His CD ...