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Paula Morgan

(b Eşfahān, Oct 11, 1908; d Francestown, NH, Sept 5, 1992). American musicologist and editor of Armenian origin. After taking a diploma at the American College in Tehran in 1927, he studied the violin and composition in Paris and New York, and became a composition student of Malipiero. He studied musicology at Harvard, where he took the MA in 1940 and the PhD in 1945, the year he founded the American Institute of Musicology, of which he was director.

Carapetyan's principal interest was the music of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. As general editor of Corpus Mensurabilis Musicae, Musicological Studies and Documents and, for some years, Corpus Scriptorum de Musica, he was responsible for the publication of a growing number of important collected editions, scholarly monographs and theoretical treatises. He was editor of Musica disciplina from its first issue in 1946 until 1988. He was publisher of all the American Institute series, which include, in addition to those for which he was general editor, Corpus of Early Keyboard Music, Miscellanea and the series Renaissance Manuscript Studies. Carapetyan also edited the facsimile of the Faenza Codex and a 14th-century vernacular theoretical treatise. His editorials in ...


Israel J. Katz

(b Turgutlu, Turkey, Dec 23, 1896; d Aubervilliers, nr Paris, Oct 7, 1975). Italian composer, ethnomusicologist and music publisher. After education at the Alliance Israélite Universelle in Turgutlu, from 1907 he attended the school of the Société Musicale Israélite in Izmir, studying composition with Shemtov Shikayar and cantorial music with Isaac Algazi. He won a scholarship to Milan Conservatory, where he was a pupil of Zavaldi and Pozzoli (theory and solfège), Gatti (orchestration), Zampieri (history), Bossi (composition) and Andreoli (piano) (1914–15, 1917–19). His studies were interrupted by war service and Hemsi was severely wounded. He returned to Izmir to teach, then on to Rhodes (1923–7) and finally Alexandria. From 1920 he became intensely interested in the traditional music of Sephardi Jewry, collecting material around the eastern Mediterranean, in Alexandria, Jerusalem, Rhodes, Turgutlu, Manisa, Izmir and Thessaloniki. Most of the material in Coplas sefardíes, the work which established his reputation, was furnished by the Sephardi communities of Alexandria, Istanbul and Sofia; his well-suited piano accompaniments brought these songs into the salons and concert halls. In Alexandria he founded the Edition Orientale de Musique, the first Egyptian house to publish the work of composers familiar with Middle Eastern culture. In his own music he sought a compromise between Western technique and oriental tradition, believing that harmonic, equal-tempered music would replace microtonal heterophony. He founded a conservatory to propagate these ideas; he also established and conducted the Alexandria PO (...