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Brigitte Massin

revised by Aurélie Decourt

Member of Alain family

(b Saint Germain-en-Laye, Aug 3, 1918; d Elancourt, Ile de France, Feb 28, 1994). French composer, pianist, and musicologist, brother of Jehan Alain and Marie-Claire Alain. He learnt to play the organ and piano as a child. Equally drawn to the study of literature, he did not enter the Paris Conservatoire until after graduating from the Sorbonne; at the Conservatoire (1948–51) he was a pupil of Aubin and Messiaen. In addition to his activities as a composer and concert pianist, he worked as music critic for Le Figaro (1957–70) and for Les nouvelles Littéraires (1965–8); he also taught sight-reading, analysis, and composition. He directed the Saint Germain-en-Laye Conservatory (1950–64) and the Ecole César Franck, Paris (from 1961), and acted as an inspector of music with special responsibility for conservatories (from 1970), particularly in the creation of the Baccalauréat with music option. In ...


Etienne Darbellay

revised by Teresa Gialdroni

(b Bologna, Oct 7, 1929; d Bologna, July 11, 2017). Italian organist, harpsichordist, and musicologist. He studied at the conservatories of Bologna and Paris (1947–52) under Ireneo Fuser and Marcel Dupré (organ), Napoleone Fanti (piano), and Riccardo Nielsen (composition). He took the doctorate at the University of Padua in 1951 with a dissertation on the texts of Bach cantatas. He taught the organ at the Bologna Conservatory from 1952 to 1954 and had charge of the conservatory library from 1953 to 1960. In 1954 he became organ professor at the Bolzano Conservatory and taught there until 1964, when he was appointed organ professor at the Parma Conservatory. From 1959 to 1984 he taught regularly at the summer organ courses at the Haarlem Organ Academy. In 1991 he was awarded the Italian music critics’ ‘Massimo Mila’ prize. He became a member of the Accademia Nazionale di S Cecilia in ...