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T Herman Keahey, Brigitte Höft, Paul Corneilson, Robert Münster, and Roland Würtz

German family of musicians.

Lebrun [Brün, Le], Ludwig August (b Mannheim, bap. May 2, 1752; d Berlin, Dec 12/15/16, 1790)

Lebrun [née Danzi], Franziska [Francesca] (Dorothea) (b Mannheim, March 24, 1756; d Berlin, May 14, 1791)

Lebrun [Dülken], Sophie (b London, June 20, 1781; d Munich, July 23, 1863)

Lebrun [Stentzsch], Rosine (b Munich, April 29, 1783; d Munich, June 5, 1855)

BrookB; BurneyGN; BurneyH; FétisB; FlorimoN; GerberL; GerberNL; LipowskyBL; MGG1 (R. Münster); SchillingE; WalterG Musikalische Real-Zeitung (Dec 30, 1789; Jan 13, 27, 1790; April 28, 1790)Musikalische Korrespondenz der Teutschen Filarmonischen Gesellschaft (Jan 6, 1791; Feb 16, 1791)C.F.D. Schubart: Ideen zu einer Ästhetik der Tonkunst (Vienna, 1806/R)W.T. Parke: Musical Memoirs (London, 1830)C.F. Pohl: Mozart und Haydn in London (Vienna, 1867/R), ii, 372F. Grandaur: Chronik des königlichen Hof- und Nationaltheaters in München...


Gwilym Beechey

revised by Linda Troost

English family of musicians.

Linley, Thomas (i) (b Badminton, Gloucs., Jan 17, 1733; d London, Nov 19, 1795)

Linley, Elizabeth Ann (b Bath, Sept 7, 1754; d Bristol, June 28, 1792)

Linley, Thomas (ii) (b Bath, May 7, 1756; d Grimsthorpe, Lincs., Aug 5, 1778)

Linley, Mary [Polly] (b Bath, Jan 4, 1758; d Clifton, Bristol, July 27, 1787)

Linley, Ozias Thurston (b Bath, bap. Aug 22, 1765; d London, March 6, 1831)

Linley, William (b Bath, Jan 27, 1771; d London, May 6, 1835)

BDA; FiskeETM; SainsburyD A Monody (after the manner of Milton’s Lycidas) on the Death of Mr Linley (London, 1778)M. Cooke: A Short Account of the Late Mr. Thomas Linley, Junior (MS, 1812, GB-Lbl )J. Watkins: Memoirs of the Public and Private Life of the Right Honourable Richard Brinsley Sheridan...


[Constantia](Caecilia Josepha Johanna Aloisia)

Member of Mozart family

(b Zell, Wiesental, Jan 5, 1762; d Salzburg, March 6, 1842). Soprano, wife of (3) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and later of his biographer Georg Nikolaus Nissen. She was the third of four daughters of the bass, prompter and copyist Fridolin Weber, and thereby related to the composer Carl Maria von Weber (see Weber family). She first met Mozart in 1777–8 in Mannheim; he fell in love with her elder sister Aloisia, who rejected him. Constanze moved with her family to Vienna in September 1779; from 2 May 1781 Mozart lodged with her mother, and on 4 August 1782 married Constanze in the Stephansdom. There were six children, of whom two, (5) Carl Thomas and (6) Franz Xaver Wolfgang, survived to maturity. During a visit to Salzburg, she sang one of the soprano parts in a performance at the abbey of St Peter of the Kyrie and Gloria of her husband’s Mass in C minor ...


Member of Stockhausen family

(b Gebweiler [now Guebwiller], March 29, 1803; d Colmar, Oct 6, 1877). Alsatian soprano, wife of Franz Stockhausen. She studied singing with Gioseffo Catrufo in Paris, and in 1825 gave concerts with her husband in Switzerland and then in Paris; she became an honorary member of the French royal chapel in ...


Elizabeth Forbes

Member of Wagner family

(b Seelze, nr Hanover, Oct 13, 1826; dWürzburg, Oct 16, 1894). Soprano, adopted daughter of (1) Richard Wagner’s elder brother, Albert. Through the influence of her uncle, she made her début at Dresden in 1844 as Agathe. She created the role of Elisabeth in Tannhäuser (19 October 1845) and also sang in Auber’s Le maçon. After studying in Paris with the younger Manuel García (1846–8), she sang in Hamburg (1849) and was then engaged at the Hofoper, Berlin (1850–61), where she took over the part of Fidès in Le prophète from Pauline Viardot. In 1852 she was announced to sing at Covent Garden, but a lawsuit brought by Benjamin Lumley, manager of the rival opera company at Her Majesty’s Theatre, prevented her from appearing. She eventually made her London début in 1856 at Her Majesty’s as Rossini’s Tancred, Donizetti’s Lucretia Borgia and as Romeo in Bellini’s ...


Patricia Lewy Gidwitz

(Louise Antonia)

Member of Weber family

(b Zell or Mannheim, 1759–61; d Salzburg, June 8, 1839). German soprano, daughter of Fridolin Weber (i) and sister-in-law of Mozart who married her younger sister Constanze in 1782. She studied with G.J. Vogler in Mannheim and was active primarily at the Burgtheater in Vienna during the 1780s in both German and Italian comic opera.

Aloysia’s long association with Mozart produced seven concert arias and a role in Der Schauspieldirektor as well as a series of letters by Mozart notable for his views on vocal performance and training. Their first encounter, during Mozart’s stay in Mannheim in 1777–8 (when he fell in love with her), resulted in the concert arias k294, k316/300b, and probably k538. She moved from Mannheim to Munich in 1778, where she made her début as Parthenia in Schweitzer’s Alceste. Engaged for the newly established National Singspiel in Vienna, she made her début on ...


Thomas Bauman and Paul Corneilson

Member of Weber family

(b Zell im Wiesental, 1758; d Vienna, Dec 29, 1819). German soprano. She studied singing with G.J. Vogler at Mannheim, and met Mozart there in 1777. In 1778 she went with her family to Munich, and in 1779 moved to Vienna. Joseph II considered hiring her for his opera troupe in 1784, but according to Leopold Mozart, she was singing in Graz in 1785. On July 21, 1788 she married the court violinist Franz de Paula Hofer (1755–96) and joined Schikaneder’s company at the Theater auf der Wieden in January 1789. One of her first major roles was Titania in Paul Wranitzky’s Oberon, König der Elfen (1789). Mozart began a bravura aria, ‘Schon lacht der holde Frühling’ (k580), for a German version of Paisiello’s Il barbiere di Siviglia, but did not orchestrate it. The aria ‘Ohne Zwang aus eignem Triebe’ (k569, now lost) also might have been written for her. Her signature role was the Queen of Night in ...