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Gregorio Maria Paone

(b Capua, nr Naples, 1803; d Naples, 1860). Neapolitan clarinettist and composer. Ferdinando Sebastiani studied clarinet with Michele Rupp and composition with Fedele Fenaroli at the Real Collegio di Musica di San Sebastiano in Naples, where he eventually became a clarinet teacher himself. He also became principal clarinet of the Orchestra of Teatro San Carlo and of the Reale Cappella Palatina in Naples. As well as his orchestral activity he worked as a soloist and played in Paris, Florence, Vienna, and Naples. He wrote a huge number of pieces, which indicates how at that time even instrumentalists were keen on music composition.

Sebastiani used a particular clarinet made by the Neapolitan instrument maker Gennaro Bosa. A variant of the standard Müller clarinet, the Bosa clarinet required the use of the right thumb in order to make some passages easier, while in the Müller system of fingering the right thumb usually serves only to sustain the instrument....

Article

Geoff Thomason

(b Taganrog, Russia, 21 March/2 April 1851; d Manchester, England, 22 Jan 1929). Russian violinist and pedagogue. From 1860 to 1867 he studied with Joseph Hellmesberger at the Vienna Conservatoire, playing in Hellmesberger’s concerts, eventually becoming second violin in his quartet. In Vienna he first met Brahms and the conductor Hans Richter. In 1870 he returned to Russia, where he made the acquaintance of Tchaikovsky and in 1875 was appointed a teacher at the Moscow Conservatoire. From 1878 to 1880 he was the Director of the Kiev Symphony Society. During three years of European touring, 1880–83, he gave the first performance of Tchaikovsky’s Violin Concerto in December 1881, with the Vienna Philharmonic under Richter. Its originally dedicatee, Leopold Auer, had deemed the concerto unplayable and Tchaikovsky subsequently rededicated it to Brodsky. After his appointment as Professor of Violin at the Leipzig Conservatoire in 1883 Brodsky founded his first string quartet. In Leipzig he gave the premières of works by Grieg and Busoni, with whom he formed lasting friendships. His leadership of Walter Damrosch’s New York Symphony Orchestra, ...

Article

Jaymee Haefner

(Gabrielle Marie Sophie)

(b Paris, 18 Sept 1875; d Paris, 1 March 1956). French harpist, composer, and teacher. Henriette Renié was the youngest of five children and the only daughter in her family. While riding on a train with her father, the five-year-old Renié pointed to the harpist Alphonse Hasselmans and declared he would be her teacher. After three years of the piano, Renié began harp lessons at the Érard workshop with Hasselmans and later entered the Conservatoire de Paris, winning her premier prix at the age of 11. As a young girl Renié commented upon the difficulty of the harp’s pedals to Gustave Lyon (of Pleyel), inadvertently renewing interest in cross-strung chromatic harps.

Renié toured with the Lamoureux Orchestra under the baton of Camille Chevillard and collaborated with Paul Paray, Ernest Van Dyck, Jacques Thibaud, Jeanne Raunay, Claire Croiza, and Pablo Casals. She gave the première of Gabrielle Pierne’s Concertstück...

Article

Amra Bosnić

(b Sarajevo, 1936). Bosnian and Herzegovinian violinist. He graduated in the violin at the Academy of Music in Sarajevo in 1962, after which he completed the Masters Degree in 1964. During the period 1965–7 he had further studies at the Tchaikovsky Conservatory in the David Oistrakh Violin Department in the class of professor Olga Kaverzneva. He specialized at the Santa Cecilia Conservatory in Rome (1970, 1973).

In 1955 he was employed as a teacher of the violin at the Srednja muzička škola (‘music high school’) in Sarajevo. In 1962 he started his engagement at the Academy of Music in Sarajevo, where he remained as an assistant professor (starting in 1971), associate professor (1977), and full professor (1984) in the violin and violin pedagogy. Due to a shortage of relevant teaching staff, he was entrusted with the subjects of the viola and chamber music. From ...

Article

Vivian Perlis

revised by Christopher E. Mehrens

(b Brownsville, TX, 4 Aug 1888; d New York, NY, 11 April 1978). American administrator, pianist, and educator. She was educated in France, Germany, and New York, and in 1906 began piano studies with Bertha Fiering Tapper at the Institute of Musical Art (later the Juilliard School). From 1912 to 1922 she helped organize free concerts for European immigrants at the Cooper Union (New York) under the auspices of the People's Music League of the People's Institute, of which she became chairman. During this period she also worked to adapt Montessori teaching methods to music. With former Montessori student Margaret Naumberg, Reis established the Children's School in New York in 1914, later renamed the Walden School. In 1922 she presented a landmark concert at the Cooper Union in which six composers performed their own works. A year later Reis and other composers left Edgar Varèse's International Composers’ Guild to form the ...

Article

Mark Clague

(b Spring Gulch, CO, 12 Feb 1902; d Ann Arbor, MI, 16 July 1994). American band director and educator. A fierce taskmaster, he elevated standards and influenced generations of band directors and musicians. Revelli played violin as a child, training for a career in Chicago's theater orchestras at Chicago Musical College (BM 1922). Earning teaching credentials from Chicago's Columbia School of Music in 1925, he founded the Hobart High School band, leading the ensemble four years later to its first of repeat Indiana state and soon national championships. He continued taking private lessons on all band instruments and studied conducting and music education at Chicago's VanderCook School of Music (BM 1931; MM 1936). In 1935 Revelli became conductor of bands and assistant professor of wind instruments at the University of Michigan, guiding its bands to international prominence. Known as “The Chief,” Revelli required total effort from his players, who both feared and revered him; he championed bandss as a means for educating successful citizens. Beginning in ...

Article

William B. Davis

(b Amsterdam, Netherlands, 3 July 1887; d Garden City, NY, 24 Aug 1953). American harpist, music educator, and music therapist of Dutch birth. He received early training in music as a harpist at the Royal Conservatory in The Hague, with additional musical studies in Germany. After arriving in the United States in 1910 he performed as a harpist with the Metropolitan Opera (1910–6), the New York SO (1916–7), and the US Marine Band (1917–9). From 1921 to 1936 he served as director of a committee to study the feasibility of using music in institutions under the sponsorship of the Russell Sage Foundation. During this period he became an important advocate for music therapy through lecturing and authorship of numerous articles about the therapeutic benefits of music. Van de Wall then described music education and therapy techniques for institutionalized adults and children in his landmark book entitled ...

Article

Ivan Čavlović

(b Kishinev, Russia, Jan 10, 1914; d Sarajevo, March 25, 1998). Bosnian pianist and pedagogue of Russian origin. Blum began her piano studies in her hometown of Kishinev, continuing them at the Prague State Conservatory, where in 1939 she graduated from the Master School for pianists in the class of Viléma Kurza and Jana Hermana. In Prague she met her future husband, the engineer and eventual mayor of Sarajevo Emerik Blum, with whom she moved to Sarajevo. In Sarajevo she performed as a soloist and a chamber musician and served as one of the founders of Collegium Artisticum, a society for the promotion of modern art. In 1945 she became a piano teacher at the newly established Music High School in Sarajevo. From 1948 to 1952 she worked as a music educator and a pianist in Belgrade. In 1955 she co-founded and became a professor at the Academy of Music in Sarajevo. She served two terms as dean, from ...

Article

Lilia Stoytcheva

(b Sofia, Bulgaria, Aug 9, 1914; d Aug 4, 1989). Bulgarian pianist and teacher. A significant figure in Bulgarian musical culture, Encheva is famous not only in Europe, but in Asia and Australia. Encheva mastered piano performance at an early age; her first introduction to the instrument came from her mother, Nevena Encheva.

Early in her career Encheva received her first award and an Italian scholarship with the opportunity to study in Milan. Encheva was one of the most talented students of the famous Italian maestro and piano professor Renzo Lorenzone. Encheva graduated from the Italian Giuseppe Verdi Conservatory at the age of 16. Her musical talent was so impressive that later she continued her studies under other famous pedagogues, including Marcel Ciampi in Paris and Edwin Fisher in Berlin.

Encheva was an award recipient at numerous international competitions, including the 1936 Vienna International Piano Competition, along with other accomplished pianists in Europe from that time, such as Jacob Flier and Emil Gilels. Her performance of Beethoven’s 4th Piano Concerto, conducted by Karl Böhm, was so memorable that the critics called her a ‘brand-new Slavonic talent’. Encheva’s musical talent and pedagogical acumen was not limited to Europe, and in the 1980s she was able to apply her multiple talents as musical interpreter and professor at the prestigious Muzashino Academy in Tokyo. She was internationally acclaimed as a concert pianist and pedagogue, as well as a jury member at more than 50 of the most prestigious international piano competitions, including the Queen Elizabeth, Chopin, Tchaikovsky, Robert Schumann, J. S. Bach, and Busoni competitions....

Article

Stefaan Verdegem

(b Liège, April 7, 1859; d Bruxelles, July 19, 1917). Belgian oboist, teacher, and director of the Brussels Monnaie opera house. He studied oboe at the Liège Conservatoire with Alphonse Romedenne, receiving the premier prix in 1875, and a gold medal in 1877. Guidé started his career as principal oboe of the Association Artistique in Angers, France, where he became acquainted with a number of young French composers including Massenet, Chabrier, Saint-Saëns, and Vincent d’Indy, who dedicated his Fantaisie pour Orchestre et Hautbois principal op.31 to him. In 1884 he became the oboe teacher at the Brussels Conservatoire, and principal oboe of the Monnaie opera house. Much admired by conductors and composers such as Felix Mottl, Hans Richter, and Richard Strauss—who called him ‘the poet of the oboe’—Guidé’s reputation was renowned throughout Europe. Considered the godfather of the Belgian oboe school, the most famous of his students was Henri De Busscher, who influenced Leon Goossens and the English oboe school, and, later, as oboist of the L.A. Philharmonic Orchestra, the American oboe school as well. Also gifted as a conductor and concert organizer, Guidé became co-director, together with Maurice Kufferath, of the Monnaie opera house in ...