(b Gunzing, near Lohnsburg am Inn, Germany, Nov 28, 1669, d Mainz, Germany, April 30, 1728). German priest, philosopher, editor of Latin works of Raymond Lull, and inventor of an enharmonic keyboard. While working at the court of Johann Wilhelm, Prince-Elector of the Palatinate, in Düsseldorf, Salzinger invented and built a keyboard (‘Tastatura nova perfecta’) accommodating the division of the octave into 31 equal parts. His enharmonic harpsichord is mentioned by Joseph Paris Feckler, who reports (1713) that a further two had been ordered: one for the Emperor in Augsburg, the other for the Grand Duke of Tuscany, in Florence. Details of this instrument appear in Salzinger’s ‘Revelatio secretorum artis’ (1721), which he published as an introduction to his edition of Lull’s Ars magna et major. This work tells that ‘the Most Serene Elector continuously used this harpsichord for music at court’, and that years earlier the construction of an organ with the same kind of keyboard had begun, only to be halted in ...
Travis D. Stimeling
[Chester W., Jr. ]
(b Fort Worth, TX, Oct 21, 1943; d Nashville, TN, June 19, 2013). American music critic, biographer, and editor. With contemporaries Ed Ward, Martha Hume, Dave Hickey, and Alanna Nash, Flippo helped bring country music criticism to the mainstream press in the 1970s. He earned a bachelor’s degree in journalism from Sam Houston State University and a master’s degree in journalism from the University of Texas at Austin. As a freelance journalist and Rolling Stone Contributing Editor, he covered the progressive country music scene in Austin before being named Rolling Stone’s New York Bureau Chief (1974). From 1977 until 1980, he served as Senior Editor for Rolling Stone, using his position to significantly increase the magazine’s coverage of country music. During the 1980s Flippo wrote several book-length studies of country and rock artists, including Hank Williams (1981), the Rolling Stones (1985), and Paul McCartney (...
(b Branford, CT, Oct 22, 1746; d New Haven, CT, June 5, 1823). American tunebook compiler, composer, clock maker, and engraver. An influential compiler of tunebooks in the 1780s and 1790s, he included established English and American favorites in his books and introduced the works of such new American composers as Lewis Edson and Daniel Reed. His significant compilations are The Chorister’s Companion (1782/R), which was issued in collaboration with the publisher Amos Doolittle; a 48-page supplement to The Chorister’s Companion entitled “Part Third” (1783); A Collection of Favorite Psalm Tunes (1787); The Federal Harmony (1793); and The New Haven Collection of Sacred Music (1818). Jocelin helped to create a distinctive New England idiom which is representative of early American psalmody; his publications are counted among the important early American tunebooks. Details about his life remain scarce. However, Eli Whitney served as his partner in the manufacture of clocks, and his sons Simeon Jr. and Nathaniel, an aspiring portrait painter and active abolitionist, bought several firms in ...
(b Zagreb, May 13, 1956). Croatian-American musicologist and editor. He studied musicology at the Zagreb Music Academy (BA 1980; MA 1983) and received the PhD at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York (1997) with a dissertation on music in medieval and renaissance astrological imagery. He was a researcher at the institutes of musicology of the Zagreb Music Academy (1980) and the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts (1981; 1983–8) and also editor at the Croatian Music Information Center (1982–3).
He is affiliated with the Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale (RILM; in various functions since 1987; executive editor since 1996), and with the Research Center for Music Iconography at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York (associate director 1991–7; director since 1998). In 1998 he founded the journal Music in Art...
H. Wiley Hitchcock
revised by Katherine K. Preston
(b Norfolk, VA, July 1, 1909, d New York, Sept 18, 1996). American pianist, editor, and music historian. She studied piano (with Josef and Rosina Lhévinne) and theory at the Juilliard School (1928–30). She pursued a career as a concert pianist (1930–64), performed in a duo (with Harold Triggs, 1932–6) that championed young American composers, and served as a staff pianist for CBS radio (1939–46). She abruptly gave up performance upon her husband’s death (1964) and embarked on a second career as a scholar. Lawrence was administrator of publications for the Contemporary Music Project (1967–70) and compiled and edited a three-volume catalogue (1968; 2/1969) of the CMP Library (c 500 works). She also edited notable facsimile publications of the piano compositions of Louis Gottschalk and Scott Joplin, as well as the complete run of Arthur Farwell’s Wa-Wan Press. Her book on music and American politics during the 18th and 19th centuries (...
(b New York City, April 28, 1960). American editor, administrator, and musicologist. She studied at Dickinson College (BA 1982) and the University of Michigan (MA 1986, PhD 1993), with a dissertation on comic opera’s dissemination in Italy in the 1740s. She began working for Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale (RILM) in 1993, becoming a supervising editor and then managing editor in 1994, charged primarily with bringing RILM’s financial affairs in order. In 1996 she became editor in chief. Under Mackenzie’s direction, RILM has flourished, maintaining its position as the discipline’s most respected music-bibliographic database, now published principally online.
In 1999 Mackenzie took on an additional responsibility as director of the Barry S. Brook Center for Music Research and Documentation, CUNY, a scholarly facility that promotes and provides a setting for wide-ranging research and documentation activities in music. Its projects include RILM, the Research Center for Music Iconography, Music in Gotham: The New York Scene, ...
Ruthann B. McTyre
(b Cologne, Germany, Feb 1, 1937). American music librarian, musicologist, and editor of German birth. Ochs immigrated to the U.S. in September 1939. He graduated from City College of New York (BA 1958), then earned degrees at Columbia University (MS in library service, 1963), New York University (MA in musicology, 1964), where he studied under Gustave Reese, and Simmons College (DA in library administration, 1975). After serving as creative arts librarian at Brandeis University (1965–74), he taught library science at Simmons (1974–8), where he introduced the college’s first course in music librarianship. In 1978 he was appointed music librarian and lecturer on music at Harvard University, where he supervised the establishment of the U.S. RISM office and directed the computerization of the music library’s vast catalog. In 1988, Ochs became Richard F. French Librarian, the first endowed chair in music librarianship. He moved back to New York to become music editor at W.W. Norton publishers (...
Renee Lapp Norris
(b Northborough, MA, Sept 5, 1830; d Madison, WI, Dec 9, 1889). American classical scholar, teacher, editor, and writer. Allen is best known musically as an editor of Slave Songs of the United States (New York, 1867), also edited by Charles Pickard Ware and Lucy McKim Garrison, who were white collectors of black music.
Allen graduated from Harvard in 1851, subsequently studied in Europe, and returned to the United States in 1856. In 1863 he began an eight-month stint as a teacher on St Helena Island in South Carolina, home to former slaves who remained after plantation owners left in 1861. Here, Allen gained first-hand experience of slave singing that contributed to the detailed explanations of his 36-page prologue to Slave Songs. In 1867 Allen was appointed chair of ancient languages at the University of Wisconsin in Madison, where he remained until his death.
Allen’s interest in philology is evident in the many pages of the prologue to ...
Michele Bowen Hustedt
(b Centerville, IA, Sept 17, 1912; d Iowa City, IA, Nov 22, 2011). American educator, administrator, scholar, and editor. He earned degrees from the University of Iowa in Chemical Engineering and Psychology of Music. Unable to find employment in science, he was hired as woodwind instructor (1939–54) and later director (1954–80) of the University of Iowa School of Music. As chairman of the Commission on Graduate Studies for the National Association of Schools of Music, he helped develop the Doctor of Musical Arts degree program. Under his leadership the UI School of Music became one of the first institutions to offer the program. He served as a member of the academic panel for cultural exchange projects for the United States Department of State and as vice-president of the National Association of College Wind and Percussion Instructors. He co-authored a series of instructional methods for wind instruments that have been widely used throughout the United States since ...
(b Lorain, OH, Mar 22, 1954). American music librarian, theorist, and editor. She received her undergraduate degree in music theory from Ohio University (BM 1976). While completing studies in music theory at Northwestern University (PhD 1985), she joined the staff of the Northwestern University Music Library (1980–98). Campana was also active in the promotion of contemporary music in Chicago through performances with the ensemble Kapture (1977–86) and by editing the monthly newsletter of New Music Chicago (1982–4). Her study of library science at the University of Chicago (MA 1987) led to her appointment as music public services librarian at Northwestern (1987–98). While at Northwestern, she also held appointments as lecturer (1993–8) and assistant dean for undergraduate studies (1993–4) in the School of Music and acting head of the Music Library (1994–6). In ...