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Laurie Shulman


(b Baltimore, MD, 15 Feb 1949). Composer. As a child he demonstrated interest in both classical and popular music, and learned percussion. He attended the Oberlin College Conservatory of Music (BM 1971), studying composition with Richard Hoffmann and Randolph Coleman, and for two years had private lessons with George Crumb (1971–3). He then studied with Karel Husa and Robert Palmer at Cornell University (DMA 1977). After teaching at the University of Michigan between 1978 and 1981, he joined the composition faculty at the Eastman School of Music, where his students included Michael Torke, Kamran Ince, and Kevin Puts. From 1997 he also taught at the Juilliard School. In 2002 he left Eastman and became full-time faculty at Juilliard. His students there have included Nico Muhly and Huang Ro. Rouse has been composer-in-residence with the Baltimore SO (1986–9), the Santa Cecilia and Schleswig-Holstein festivals (...


Ronald Brown Byrnside

revised by Aaron Ziegel

[Dukelsky, Vladimir Alexandrovich]

(b Parafianovo, nr Minsk, Russia, 10 Oct 1903; d Santa Monica, CA, 16 Jan 1969). Composer and songwriter of Russian birth; naturalized American. He studied with Reinhold Glière (1916–19) and Marian Dombrovsky (1917–19) at the Kiev Conservatory until forced to flee the Revolution with his family, settling first in Constantinople (1920–21) and then in New York (1921–4). There he wrote a piano concerto for Artur Rubinstein, but it remained unperformed and unorchestrated. From 1924 he was in Paris and was commissioned by Sergey Diaghilev to write a ballet, Zephyr and Flora, which was performed in 1925 by the Ballets Russes at Monte Carlo and Paris. He wrote music for the London stage (1926–9) before returning to New York, where he began composing for both Broadway shows and formal concert venues. He also briefly studied orchestration with Joseph Schillinger...


Deborah Hayes

(b Melbourne, Australia, 29 Dec 1912; d Sydney, Australia, 25 June 1990). Australian composer, naturalized American. She was a major figure in American musical life as a New York–based critic, composer, and concert organizer from the late 1940s into the 60s. From about 1960 she spent increasing amounts of time outside the United States, especially in Greece. In 1967 she underwent surgery in New York to remove a brain tumor; she recovered but virtually ceased composing. In 1975 she moved from Greece to Australia, where her music attracted renewed attention from performers and audiences. In 1987 the University of Sydney awarded her the honorary DMus.

She received her first training from 1927 at the Melbourne Conservatorium, where she studied with conductor and opera composer Fritz Hart. In 1931 she won a scholarship to the RCM, where she studied with Ralph Vaughan Williams (composition), Arthur Benjamin (piano), and Constant Lambert and Malcolm Sargent (conducting). The award of an Octavia Travelling Scholarship (...


(b Little Rock, AR, 9 April 1887; d Chicago, IL, 3 June 1953). Composer. She was the first African American woman to win widespread recognition as a symphonic composer, rising to prominence (with William Grant Still and William Dawson) in the 1930s. After early training with her mother she studied composition at the New England Conservatory in Boston with Wallace Goodrich and Frederick Shepherd Converse (1903–6) and privately with George Whitefield Chadwick. She gained an Artist’s Diploma (organ) and a piano teacher’s diploma. She returned to the South to teach at the Cotton Plant–Arkadelphia Academy (1906–7) and Shorter College (1907–10) in Little Rock, then headed the music department of Clark College in Atlanta until 1912, when she returned to Little Rock to marry. In 1927, presumably to escape the increasing racial oppression in the South, the Price family moved to Chicago. There she began a period of compositional creativity and study at the American Conservatory and with ...


Ronit Seter

(b Haifa, Israel, 7 Dec 1957). Israeli composer.

She studied at the Rubin Israel Academy of Music, Tel Aviv University (BA 1982) with Abel Ehrlich and Yitzhak Sadai, in Berlin with Dieter Schnebel (1983–4), at Bard College (MFA 1987), where her teachers included Eli Yarden and Joan Tower, and at the University of California at San Diego (PhD 1993) with Roger Reynolds and Brian Ferneyhough. She has taught at the Darmstadt summer courses (1990–98, 2004, 2010), where she received the Kranichstein prize (1992), at the University of California, San Diego (1997–2006), at the University of Music and Performing Arts in Vienna (2006–9), and at Harvard University (from 2009), where she became the first woman composer to serve as a senior professor of composition. Her honors include an Asahi Shimbun Fellowship for a year residency in Tokyo (...


David Z. Kushner

(b Richmond, VA, 6 Sept 1882; d Richmond, VA, 15 Aug 1963). Pianist and composer.

He attended the University of Virginia (BA 1901) and went on to study in Vienna, where his teachers included Theodor Leschetizky and Karel Navrátil. His early works, among them the Sonata Virginianesque (1906) for violin and piano, and the piano works In the South (1906), At the Fair (1907, a six-movement suite whose first and last movements are titled, respectively, “Hoochie-Coochie Dance” and “Banjo-picker”), and Sonate noble (1908) blend American folk material with traditional contrapuntal techniques, elements that remained important to his compositional style. He made his recital debut in Berlin in 1907 and subsequently performed in Paris, London, and Vienna to great critical acclaim. An interest in and admiration for German culture are manifest in Sonate psychologique (its title was originally in German) completed in ...


Jon Burlingame

[Prendergast, John Barry]

(b York, England, 3 Nov 1933; d Oyster Bay, NY, 30 Jan 2011). English composer.

As a boy he worked at his father's theater chain in the north of England and listened to such established Hollywood composers as Steiner, Korngold, and Waxman. He contemplated a career as a film composer and left school to study music with Francis Jackson, then the Master of Music at York Minster. During his national service (1952–5) he studied jazz arranging and orchestration by mail with Stan Kenton's famous arranger William Russo.

In 1957 he formed the John Barry Seven, a jazz-rock group, and was music director for the singer Adam Faith on several hit songs, including “What do you Want” (1959, Parlophone). The Seven's recording “Hit and Miss” (1960, EMI) was adopted as the theme for the BBC's popular television show Juke Box Jury. Around this time Barry wrote, performed, and recorded pop music, appearing with his group on such influential shows as Six-Five Special...


Christopher Palmer

revised by Clifford McCarty, Martin Marks, and Nathan Platte

(b New York, NY, 4 April 1922; d Ojai, CA, 18 Aug 2004). Composer and conductor. He was trained as a pianist but also studied composition with Israel Citkowitz, Roger Sessions, Ivan Langstroth and Stefan Wolpe. He attended New York University, then enlisted in the Army Air Corps (1942); he arranged and composed music for some 80 programs for the Armed Forces Radio Service and was a concert pianist for three years after his discharge. Norman Corwin then engaged him to score radio drama, which led to composition for films; Bernstein's third film, Sudden Fear (1952), attracted favorable attention. In 1955, despite suffering career difficulties due to McCarthyism (see Marmorstein), he rose to sudden prominence with his score for The Man with the Golden Arm. In this, as in several scores that followed (e.g. Walk on the Wild Side, 1962), he effectively blended jazz into a modern symphonic idiom to suit gritty stories and contemporary settings. He subsequently became known for his rousing scores for westerns and action films (notably ...


Kate Daubney

(b New York, NY, 21 Nov 1896; d Beverly Hills, CA, 24 May 1960). Composer, arranger, orchestrator, and conductor. He studied the piano with Maurice Gould and Jeanne Franco and composition and orchestration with Frank Saddler. During the 1920s he worked as an arranger for Broadway musicals, including The Girlfriend, Manhattan Mary, and the Ziegfeld Follies of 1920 and 1921. He also wrote songs for the 1922 musical Glory. He established the De PackhEnsemble, which he conducted between 1928 and 1931, then in 1933 he went to Hollywood as an arranger and orchestrator. He worked first for MGM and smaller studios on films such as The Dancing Lady (1933) and Rip Tide (1934). He was also one of the team of five principal orchestrators who assisted composer Max Steiner with Gone with the Wind (1939), a score that exemplifies the richness of orchestral timbre and complexity of arrangement that were hallmarks of film music of the time. In the early 1940s he moved to Twentieth Century Fox, where he worked on a number of Betty Grable musicals, including ...


Martin Marks

[Daniel Robert]

(b Los Angeles, CA, 29 May 1953). Composer, rock singer, arranger, and guitarist.

With his brother Richard he formed the theater company the Mystic Knights of the Oingo Boingo in the 1970s, which in 1979 became Oingo Boingo, an eight-piece, new wave band led by Elfman as vocalist and songwriter. During the 1980s the band developed a distinctive synthesizer and horn-based sound; occasionally its songs were featured in youth-market films, such as for the title song of Weird Science (1985), but its ten or so albums had limited commercial success and it formally broke up in 1995.

Beginning in 1985 Elfman also began scoring films, becoming especially well known for his association with the director Tim Burton; after Batman (1989), he became one of Hollywood's most sought-after younger composers. He has worked on nearly all of Burton's films, creating colorful, rhythmically driving and knowingly referential scores, well matched to Burton's surreal style. Elfman has also written the theme music for many television shows, notably “The Simpsons”. Objecting to the overbearing use of sound effects in such action-driven films as ...