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Michelle Vigneau

(b Gladewater, TX, Dec 3, 1938; d Elyria, OH, Feb 8, 2006). American oboist, baroque oboist, viola da gambist, and educator. He earned a diploma in 1961 from the Curtis Institute where he studied with john de Lancie . Caldwell served as principal oboist of the National SO (NSO) from 1965–66 and 1968–1971, and was principal oboist of the short-lived Chamber Symphony of Philadelphia from 1966–68. He played with the Puerto Rico Symphony and the Casals Festival Orchestra, and was a frequent performer at the Marlboro Music Festival. In 1971, Caldwell joined the faculty of the Oberlin College Conservatory of Music, where he trained many of the profession’s leading oboists, including Alex Klein, former principal oboist of the Chicago SO. Caldwell’s pedagogy was unusual, as he rarely mentioned the oboe. His students learned to play as a result of the musical demands of the phrase.

As a chamber musician, he was a member of the Soni Ventorum Quintet, the Oberlin Baroque Ensemble, and the Oberlin Woodwind Quintet. While playing in the NSO in the late 1960s, he also became interested in the viola da gamba and studied with noted teacher August Wenzinger. He became an accomplished viol player as well as a celebrated baroque oboist, earning a reputation as a leading scholar in historical performance. With his wife, cellist and viola da gambist Catharina Meints, he co-founded the Baroque Performance Institute, the first American summer school for historical performance, in ...

Article

Joel A. Treybig

(b Cortland, NY, Oct 19, 1920). American He began the trumpet at ten, played in his father’s town band, and studied with Ernest S(amuel) Williams. After serving as a teaching assistant at the University of Michigan (1940), he left in 1941 to join the Goldman Band as soloist and also was contracted as first trumpet with the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra. He served in the military from 1942 to 1946, playing with the army band at Fort Jackson, South Carolina and working in a special service unit at Fort Slocum, New York that performed concerts and recorded music for films and radio broadcasts for military personnel. In 1946, he became associate first trumpet/third trumpet under Arturo Toscanini for the NBC Symphony. He also worked as a studio musician in every available medium. He served as soloist for the Band of America, the Casals Festival (Puerto Rico), and the premiere of Husa’s ...

Article

J.M. Thomson

(b Dallas, TX, Jan 26, 1922; d Suffern, NY, Nov 4, 1999). American recorder player, editor, teacher, and conductor. His early musical experience included playing the trumpet in small jazz bands and in Broadway pit bands and arranging music for shows in New York. While studying with erich Katz at the New York College of Music he developed an interest in early music. He learned to play the recorder, crumhorn, sackbut, and viola da gamba and arranged and directed medieval and Renaissance music. He edited music for the American Recorder Society, which published several of his compositions, and later was general editor of the series Music for Recorders (Associated Music Publishers). He took part in the debut of the New York Pro Musica Antiqua under Noah Greenberg in 1953 and rejoined them from 1960 until 1970; during this time he became director of the instrumental consort and assistant director of the Renaissance band. He toured internationally with them and played on many recordings. In ...

Article

(b US, 1949). American bassoonist and composer. He earned degrees at the University of Kansas (BM, MM) and the Eastman School of Music (DMA 1980), where he worked with Austin Ledwith and David Van Hoesen, respectively. He also studied composition with John Pozdro, Samuel Adler, and warren Benson ...

Article

Gary Galván

(b Richmond, VA, May 7, 1957). American conductor, educator, and flutist. Karen Deal studied flute at Oral Roberts University (BMus 1980) and orchestral conducting at Virginia Commonwealth University (MM 1982). She made her European conducting debut in 1984 with the Pro Arte Orchestra in Vienna, Austria, while pursuing postgraduate studies at the Hochschule für Musik und Darnstellende Kunst. During coursework toward a DMA in orchestral conducting at the Peabody Conservatory of Music, Deal studied with Praul Vermel on an Aspen Music Festival Fellowship (1988) and won the National Repertory Orchestra Biennial Conducting Competition. She was the founding director for the Sinfonia Concertante in Maryland in 1988 and the Chesapeake Youth Symphony in 1990 while serving as Associate Conductor for the Annapolis Symphony Orchestra and teaching music history and flute at Loyola College.

After study with gustav Meier , Leonard Slatkin, and Leon Fleisher at the Tanglewood Music Festival in ...

Article

Michael Ellzey

(b Macon City, IA, April 29, 1938). American trumpeter and educator. Active in early music, he was a founding member of Calliope: A Renaissance Band. He was a member of the New York Brass Quintet for 18 years and also freelanced as a performer and studio musician for over 20 years in New York City. In 1982 he joined the faculty of Indiana University and in 1989 he became an adjunct professor at Yale University, where he currently teaches trumpet, coaches brass chamber music, and directs the Yale Cornet and Sacbut Ensemble. He has also taught at the Manhattan School of Music, the Hartt School, and the Eastman School.

Dean currently performs and teaches each summer at the Mendez Brass Institute in addition to the Norfolk Chamber Music Festival in Norfolk, Connecticut. He frequently appears as a soloist with Keith Brion’s New Sousa Band. He has appeared internationally at the Spoleto and Casals Festivals, the Banff Centre (Canada), the Oxford Arts Centre (Canada), Musiki Blekinge (Sweden), the Curitiba Music Festival (Brazil), and the Morella Festival (Spain). His performances on both the modern trumpet and early brass instruments can be heard on over 80 recordings released by, among others, RCA, Columbia, Nonesuch, and Summit labels....

Article

Gerald E. Wood

(b Kansas City, MO, Oct 5, 1920). American horn player, recording artist, and educator. A child of musicians John DeRosa (clarinet) and Clelia DeRubertis DeRosa (vocalist), he started studying the horn at an early age with Peter Dilecce of the Chicago Civic Opera Orchestra. After moving to Los Angeles, he studied briefly with his uncle, Vincent DeRubertis, a staff horn player for Paramount Studios, and Alfred Brain, principal horn at 20th Century Fox. At age 17 he began his career as a member of the horn section at 20th Century Fox (1937) before enlisting in the US Army in 1942. After his discharge in 1945 he launched a freelance recording career in Los Angeles, attracting the attention of numerous film composers. He can be heard on film, television, and popular music recordings, and stands as one of the most widely recorded West Coast brass musicians. His session performances helped refine what became known as the “Los Angeles Horn Sound,” which remained prominent throughout the second half of the 20th century. In addition to his performing career, he served for 30 years as a horn professor at the University of Southern California (...

Article

Barbara A. Petersen

revised by Greg A Steinke

(b Covington, KY, Sept 1, 1921). American composer and flute teacher. He attended Los Angeles City College and the University of Southern California (BA 1948, BM 1949, MM 1951, DMA 1953), where he studied composition with ernst Toch , gail Kubik , ernest Kanitz , and hanns Eisler . He also studied privately with peter jona Korn . His principal flute teachers were Ary Van Leeuwen, Archie Wade, Jules Furman, Frohman Foster, and William Hullinger; early in his career he played with the Corpus Christi (TX) and Muncie (IN) SOs and other ensembles. From 1953 to 1955, he taught at Del Mar College (Corpus Christi), and in 1957, after a year at Ball State University (Muncie), he joined the faculty of Mount St. Mary’s College in Los Angeles, becoming professor in 1966. He has received a MacDowell Colony Fellowship (1954) and two Huntington Hartford Foundation awards (1956, 1964). In ...

Article

Michael Ellzey

(b East McKeesport, PA, Nov 8, 1948). American trumpeter and pedagogue. He attended San Diego State University (BA 1970, music education; MA, trumpet performance) and the University of California, San Diego (PhD 1980, music). He taught music at the State University of New York at Cortland from 1985 to 2012, and has served as instructor of trumpet at Colgate University in Hamilton, New York. He has also been a research consultant for the instrument museum in Schloss Kremsegg in Kremsmünster, Austria.

Considered one of the leading scholars and performers on the keyed bugle, he wrote the definitive volume on the instrument, The Keyed Bugle (Metuchen, NJ, 1993, 2/2004). His debut solo album, Music for Keyed Bugle, is the first full-length recording devoted to the keyed bugle. His Das Flügelhorn (Bergkirchen, Germany, 2004) was published in both English and German editions. His many other scholarly publications include contributions to the ...

Article

Trudi Ann Wright

(b Summit, MS, July 5, 1913; d Petersburg, VA, April 16, 1989). American conductor, clarinetist, and educator. He gained his musical training at Oberlin College, Northwestern University, and Columbia University, where he received his doctorate in music education. After graduation he became a faculty member at Bennett College and then at Lincoln University in Missouri. From 1947 he spent 29 years working at Virginia State College (from 1979, Virginia State University), where he directed instrumental music. He led military, symphonic, and marching bands, which toured and won recognition throughout North America and Europe. He was also active as a band clinician, guest conductor, and workshop consultant. Along with his work as an educator, Gatlin maintained a performance career as a clarinetist, appearing with numerous US bands and orchestras including the St. Louis SO.

In 1960 Gatlin co-founded the Intercollegiate Music Association with Evelyn Johnson and Albert Grauer which in the early 2010s was continuing to “enrich and enhance the development of the students” in its historically black member institutions. After his retirement from Virginia State in ...