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Sarah Fuller

(b 1163; d Jan 27, 1225). French chronicler of St Martial of Limoges and monk. Received as a boy scholar at St Martial in 1177, Itier held a succession of important offices, culminating in appointments as librarian (1204) and precentor (by 1211), posts he evidently held concurrently. Annotations in Itier's hand, scattered through surviving remnants of the St Martial library, testify to his interest in preserving the monastery books. One manuscript that he had bound includes a collection of early polyphonic music. Other musical manuscripts from the St Martial collection very probably owe their survival to his care.

Although not himself a professional scribe, Itier had charge of the monastery scriptorium and knew how to notate music. One composition in his hand, a Parisian motet based on the duplum of Perotinus's four-voice organum Sederunt ( F-Pn lat.2208, f.1), shows a musical connection between Paris and St Martial in Itier’s lifetime. The chronicle written by Itier is a central source of information on the monastery....


Ernest H. Sanders

(d 1238–9). English monk. Since the mid-19th century the name of this monk at Reading Abbey has been associated with the so-called Reading rota Sumer is icumen in; he has been regarded as the possible scribe of the manuscript containing it (GB-Lbl Harl.978), as a direct influence on its present shape, and as the person who inspired the Latin and English words and the music. There is no evidence to support such theories, and even though his spurious fame continued to maintain itself in musical writings throughout the first half of the 20th century, John of Fornsete must be recognized as a nonentity as regards music....